济阳坳陷页岩油水平井钻井完井关键技术

韩来聚 杨春旭

韩来聚, 杨春旭. 济阳坳陷页岩油水平井钻井完井关键技术[J]. 石油钻探技术, 2021, 49(4): 22-28. doi: 10.11911/syztjs.2021073
引用本文: 韩来聚, 杨春旭. 济阳坳陷页岩油水平井钻井完井关键技术[J]. 石油钻探技术, 2021, 49(4): 22-28. doi: 10.11911/syztjs.2021073
HAN Laiju, YANG Chunxu. Key Technologies for Drilling and Completion of Horizontal Shale Oil Wells in the Jiyang Depression[J]. Petroleum Drilling Techniques, 2021, 49(4): 22-28. doi: 10.11911/syztjs.2021073
Citation: HAN Laiju, YANG Chunxu. Key Technologies for Drilling and Completion of Horizontal Shale Oil Wells in the Jiyang Depression[J]. Petroleum Drilling Techniques, 2021, 49(4): 22-28. doi: 10.11911/syztjs.2021073

济阳坳陷页岩油水平井钻井完井关键技术

doi: 10.11911/syztjs.2021073
基金项目: 国家科技重大专项“济阳坳陷页岩油勘探开发目标评价”(编号:2017ZX05049004)、胜利石油工程有限公司科技攻关项目“济阳坳陷深层页岩油钻完井技术研究”(编号:SKG2001)联合资助
详细信息
    作者简介:

    韩来聚(1963—),男,山东昌邑人,1983年毕业于华东石油学院钻井专业,2004年获中国石油大学(华东)油气井工程专业博士学位,正高级工程师,主要从事石油工程技术研究和管理工作。系本刊编委。E-mail:hanlaiju.slyt@sinopec.com

  • 中图分类号: TE249

Key Technologies for Drilling and Completion of Horizontal Shale Oil Wells in the Jiyang Depression

  • 摘要: 济阳坳陷页岩油地质条件复杂,水平井钻井完井过程中面临安全风险高、机械钻速低、井眼轨迹控制效率低、复杂时效高和固井质量差等技术难题。通过钻井工程优化设计、页岩油水平井提速提效、高性能合成基钻井液和页岩油水平井固井等技术攻关与集成应用,初步形成了济阳坳陷页岩油水平井钻井完井关键技术,并在8口页岩油水平井进行了成功应用,平均完钻井深4 402.60 m,平均机械钻速8.86 m/h,实现了济阳坳陷页岩油水平井千米水平段一趟钻完钻,复杂时效大幅降低。研究与应用结果表明,该技术能为济阳坳陷页岩油资源的有效开发提供技术支持,对我国其他页岩油区块的勘探开发也有一定的借鉴作用。
  • 图  1  渤南洼陷沙三下储层井斜、方位对坍塌压力和破裂压力的影响

    Figure  1.  Influence of inclination and azimuth on collapse pressure and fracturing pressure in a reservoir in the lower 3rd member of Shahejie Formation of the Bonan Subsag

    图  2  穿砾石层的异形齿PDC钻头切削齿形状及分布

    Figure  2.  Shape and distribution of cutting teeth of a special-shaped-tooth PDC bit able to penetrate gravel layers

    图  3  适用于灰质泥岩的脊形齿PDC钻头切削齿形状及分布

    Figure  3.  Shape and distribution of cutting teeth of a ridge-shaped-tooth PDC bit applicable to calcareous mudstone

    图  4  合成基钻井液压力传递试验结果

    Figure  4.  Pressure transmission of synthetic base drilling fluid

    表  1  水力振荡器在3口页岩油水平井钻井中的应用效果统计

    Table  1.   Application effect of hydraulic oscillators in the drilling of three horizontal shale oil wells

    井号进尺/m纯钻时间/h机械钻速/(m·h–1纯钻时效,%
    YYP1676117.05.7839.87
    FYP1744169.54.3938.62
    BYP5573 92.06.2341.26
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  济阳坳陷3口页岩油水平井旋转导向系统应用效果

    Table  2.   Application effect of a rotary steering system in three horizontal shale oil wells in Jiyang Depression

    井号钻进井段/m进尺/m机械钻速/(m·h–1最大井斜角/(°)
    YYP13729~4591 86210.6491.30
    FYP13327~46141287 5.7087.08
    BYP54048~5379133111.8182.13
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  3种基础油主要物化性能对比

    Table  3.   Comparison of physicochemical properties among three base oils

    基础油闪点/
    密度/
    (kg·L–1
    运动黏度/
    (mm2·s–1
    芳烃含
    量,%
    苯胺点/
    倾点/
    柴油57~630.863.430.00~60.0054~60–17.8
    白油1130.833.8~8.23.9092–30.0
    气制油1250.802.8<0.01>85–40.0
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  合成基钻井液抗温性能试验结果

    Table  4.   Temperature resistance of synthetic base drilling fluid

    试验条件破乳电压/
    V
    静切力/
    Pa
    塑性黏度/
    (mPa·s)
    动切力/
    Pa
    API滤失量/
    mL
    室温11605.0/9.04210.00.8
    120 ℃/16 h>20005.0/12.04011.00
    150 ℃/16 h16006.0/14.03714.00.2
    180 ℃/16 h10006.5/15.04515.50.4
    200 ℃/16 h 8005.0/8.058 8.00.8
    205 ℃/16 h 7504.0/7.059 7.51.0
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  济阳坳陷8口页岩油水平井钻井情况统计

    Table  5.   Drilling results of eight horizontal shale oil wells in the Jiyang Depression

    井号井深/
    m
    垂深/
    m
    钻井周期/
    d
    钻速/
    (m·h–1
    水平段长/
    m
    备注
    BYP14336.002969.7575.508.131147.00 第一
    轮次
    BYP 23645.002568.2985.8810.53 716.00
    LY1HF3970.003206.57132.50 3.84633.00
    BYP 1-23542.002989.9150.836.08373.00
    YYP14902.003540.5288.0512.16 942.00第二
    轮次
    FYP15364.003564.57108.87 8.181716.00
    NY1-1HF4083.003619.8780.929.81158.00
    BYP55379.00 4309.30131.00 12.17 1059.59
    下载: 导出CSV
  • [1] 孙焕泉,蔡勋育,周德华,等. 中国石化页岩油勘探实践与展望[J]. 中国石油勘探,2019,24(5):569–575. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1672-7703.2019.05.004

    SUN Huanquan, CAI Xunyu, ZHOU Dehua, et al. Practice and prospect of Sinopec shale oil exploration[J]. China Petroleum Exploration, 2019, 24(5): 569–575. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1672-7703.2019.05.004
    [2] 张瀚之,翟晓鹏,楼一珊. 中国陆相页岩油钻井技术发展现状与前景展望[J]. 石油钻采工艺,2019,41(3):265–271.

    ZHANG Hanzhi, ZHAI Xiaopeng, LOU Yishan. Development status and prospect of the drilling technologies used for continental shale oil reservoirs in China[J]. Oil Drilling & Production Technology, 2019, 41(3): 265–271.
    [3] 宋明水. 济阳坳陷页岩油勘探实践与现状[J]. 油气地质与采收率,2019,26(1):1–12.

    SONG Mingshui. Practice and current status of shale oil exploration in Jiyang Depression[J]. Petroleum Geology and Recovery Efficiency, 2019, 26(1): 1–12.
    [4] 雷浩,何建华,胡振国. 潜江凹陷页岩油藏渗流特征物理模拟及影响因素分析[J]. 特种油气藏,2019,26(3):94–98. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1006-6535.2019.03.017

    LEI Hao, HE Jianhua, HU Zhenguo. Physical simulation and influencing factor analysis of the flow characteristics in the shale oil reservoir of Qianjiang Depression[J]. Special Oil & Gas Reservoirs, 2019, 26(3): 94–98. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1006-6535.2019.03.017
    [5] 李世臻, 刘卫彬, 王丹丹, 等. 中美陆相页岩油地质条件对比[J].地质论评, 2017, 63(增刊1): 39–40.

    LI Shizhen, LIU Weibin, WANG Dandan, et al. Continental shale oil geological conditions of China and the United States[J]. Geological Review, 2017, 63(supplement 1): 39–40.
    [6] 关德范. 对美国和中国页岩油气资源的对比分析与思考[J]. 中外能源,2015,20(12):19–27.

    GUAN Defan. A comparative study and reflection on shale oil and gas resources in US and China[J]. Sino-Global Energy, 2015, 20(12): 19–27.
    [7] 闫林,陈福利,王志平,等. 我国页岩油有效开发面临的挑战及关键技术研究[J]. 石油钻探技术,2020,48(3):63–69. doi:  10.11911/syztjs.2020058

    YAN Lin, CHEN Fuli, WANG Zhiping, et al. Challenges and technical countermeasures for effective development of shale oil in China[J]. Petroleum Drilling Techniques, 2020, 48(3): 63–69. doi:  10.11911/syztjs.2020058
    [8] 宁方兴. 济阳坳陷页岩油富集机理[J]. 特种油气藏,2015,22(3):27–30. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1006-6535.2015.03.006

    NING Fangxing. Mechanism of shale oil enrichment in Jiyang Depression[J]. Special Oil & Gas Reservoirs, 2015, 22(3): 27–30. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1006-6535.2015.03.006
    [9] 刘丽,闵令元,孙志刚,等. 济阳坳陷页岩油储层孔隙结构与渗流特征[J]. 油气地质与采收率,2021,28(1):106–114.

    LIU Li, MIN Lingyuan, SUN Zhigang, et al. Pore structure and percolation characteristics in shale oil reservoir of Jiyang Depression[J]. Petroleum Geology and Recovery Efficiency, 2021, 28(1): 106–114.
    [10] 张顺. 济阳坳陷页岩油富集要素及地质甜点类型划分[J]. 科学技术与工程,2021,21(2):504–511.

    ZHANG Shun. Shale oil enrichment elements and geological dessert types in Jiyang Depression[J]. Science Technology and Engineering, 2021, 21(2): 504–511.
    [11] 宁方兴,王学军,郝雪峰,等. 济阳坳陷不同岩相页岩油赋存机理[J]. 石油学报,2017,38(2):185–195.

    NING Fangxing, WANG Xuejun, HAO Xuefeng, et al. Occurrence mechanism of shale oil with different lithofacies in Jiyang Depression[J]. Acta Petrolei Sinica, 2017, 38(2): 185–195.
    [12] 包友书. 济阳坳陷超压和应力场对页岩油富集的影响[J]. 断块油气田,2018,25(5):585–588.

    BAO Youshu. Influence of overpressure and stress on shale oil enrichment in Jiyang Depression[J]. Fault-Block Oil & Gas Field, 2018, 25(5): 585–588.
    [13] 袁琪,燕明慧,杨依. 济阳坳陷沙三下与沙四上页岩油富集原理[J]. 当代化工研究,2016(6):116–117.

    YUAN Qi, YAN Minghui, YANG Yi. Theory of oil enrichment on lower third sub-member and upper fourth sub-member shale of Jiyang Depression[J]. Modern Chemical Research, 2016(6): 116–117.
    [14] 刘鹏,陶国亮,黎茂稳,等. 渤海湾盆地济阳坳陷樊页1井页岩油与临近页岩中含氮化合物组成特征[J]. 石油实验地质,2020,42(4):552–557.

    LIU Peng, TAO Guoliang, LI Maowen, et al. Characteristics of nitrogen-containing compounds in shale oil and adjacent shales in Well FY 1, Jiyang Depression, Bohai Bay Basin[J]. Petroleum Geology and Experiment, 2020, 42(4): 552–557.
    [15] 光新军,叶海超,蒋海军. 北美页岩油气长水平段水平井钻井实践与启示[J]. 石油钻采工艺,2021,43(1):1–6.

    GUANG Xinjun, YE Haichao, JIANG Haijun. Drilling practice of shale oil & gas horizontal wells with long horizontal section in the North America and its enlightenment[J]. Oil Drilling & Production Technology, 2021, 43(1): 1–6.
    [16] 杨灿,王鹏,饶开波,等. 大港油田页岩油水平井钻井关键技术[J]. 石油钻探技术,2020,48(2):34–41. doi:  10.11911/syztjs.2020036

    YANG Can, WANG Peng, RAO Kaibo, et al. Key drilling technology of horizontal well in shale oil reservoir in Dagang Oilfield[J]. Petroleum Drilling Techniques, 2020, 48(2): 34–41. doi:  10.11911/syztjs.2020036
    [17] 张廷山,彭志,杨巍,等. 美国页岩油研究对我国的启示[J]. 岩性油气藏,2015,27(3):1–10. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1673-8926.2015.03.001

    ZHANG Tingshan, PENG Zhi, YANG Wei, et al. Enlightenments of American shale oil research towards China[J]. Lithologic Reservoirs, 2015, 27(3): 1–10. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1673-8926.2015.03.001
    [18] 柳伟荣,倪华峰,王学枫,等. 长庆油田陇东地区页岩油超长水平段水平井钻井技术[J]. 石油钻探技术,2020,48(1):9–14. doi:  10.11911/syztjs.2020029

    LIU Weirong, NI Huafeng, WANG Xuefeng, et al. Shale oil horizontal drilling technology with super-long horizontal laterals in the Longdong Region of the Changqing Oilfield[J]. Petroleum Drilling Techniques, 2020, 48(1): 9–14. doi:  10.11911/syztjs.2020029
    [19] 王敏生,光新军,耿黎东. 页岩油高效开发钻井完井关键技术及发展方向[J]. 石油钻探技术,2019,47(5):1–10.

    WANG Minsheng, GUANG Xinjun, GENG Lidong. Key drilling/completion technologies and development trends in the efficient development of shale oil[J]. Petroleum Drilling Techniques, 2019, 47(5): 1–10.
    [20] 叶海超,光新军,王敏生,等. 北美页岩油气低成本钻完井技术及建议[J]. 石油钻采工艺,2017,39(5):552–558.

    YE Haichao, GUANG Xinjun, WANG Minsheng, et al. Low-cost shale oil and gas drilling and completion technologies used in the North America and the suggestions[J]. Oil Drilling & Production Technology, 2017, 39(5): 552–558.
    [21] 万绪新. 渤南区块页岩油地层油基钻井液技术[J]. 石油钻探技术,2013,41(6):44–50. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1001-0890.2013.06.009

    WAN Xuxin. Oil-based drilling fluid applied in drilling shale oil reservoirs in Bonan Block[J]. Petroleum Drilling Techniques, 2013, 41(6): 44–50. doi:  10.3969/j.issn.1001-0890.2013.06.009
    [22] 郝运轻,宋国奇,周广清,等. 济阳坳陷古近系泥页岩岩石学特征对可压性的影响[J]. 石油实验地质,2016,38(4):489–495. doi:  10.11781/sysydz201604489

    HAO Yunqing, SONG Guoqi, ZHOU Guangqing, et al. Influence of petrological characteristics on fracability of the Paleogene shale, Jiyang Depression[J]. Petroleum Geology and Experiment, 2016, 38(4): 489–495. doi:  10.11781/sysydz201604489
  • [1] 田逢军, 王运功, 唐斌, 李治君, 刘克强.  长庆油田陇东地区页岩油大偏移距三维水平井钻井技术, 石油钻探技术. doi: 10.11911/syztjs.2021079
    [2] 田增艳, 杨贺卫, 李晓涵, 尹丽, 王信, 黄臣.  大港油田页岩油水平井钻井液技术, 石油钻探技术. doi: 10.11911/syztjs.2021012
    [3] 史配铭, 李晓明, 倪华峰, 石崇东, 姜庆波, 程华林.  苏里格气田水平井井身结构优化及钻井配套技术, 石油钻探技术. doi: 10.11911/syztjs.2021057
    [4] 倪华峰, 杨光, 张延兵.  长庆油田页岩油大井丛水平井钻井提速技术, 石油钻探技术. doi: 10.11911/syztjs.2021076
    [5] 陈海宇, 王新东, 林晶, 陈涛, 李辉, 范琳.  新疆吉木萨尔页岩油超长水平段水平井钻井关键技术, 石油钻探技术. doi: 10.11911/syztjs.2021036
    [6] 刘天恩, 张海军, 袁光杰, 李国韬, 阴启武, 陈斐.  沧东凹陷页岩油水平井优快钻井技术, 石油钻探技术. doi: 10.11911/syztjs.2020127
    [7] 李玉海, 李博, 柳长鹏, 郑瑞强, 李相勇, 纪博.  大庆油田页岩油水平井钻井提速技术, 石油钻探技术. doi: 10.11911/syztjs.2021085
    [8] 张冬明.  大庆页岩地层长水平段水平井油基钻井液技术, 石油钻探技术. doi: 10.11911/syztjs.2021087
    [9] 陈超峰, 王波, 王佳, 许译文, 秦莹民, 李雪彬.  吉木萨尔页岩油下甜点二类区水平井压裂技术, 石油钻探技术. doi: 10.11911/syztjs.2021089
    [10] 欧阳伟平, 张冕, 孙虎, 张云逸, 池晓明.  页岩油水平井压裂渗吸驱油数值模拟研究, 石油钻探技术. doi: 10.11911/syztjs.2021083
    [11] 赵波, 陈二丁.  胜利油田页岩油水平井樊页平1井钻井技术, 石油钻探技术. doi: 10.11911/syztjs.2021078
    [12] 杨灿, 王鹏, 饶开波, 蔺玉水, 李伟, 叶顺友.  大港油田页岩油水平井钻井关键技术, 石油钻探技术. doi: 10.11911/syztjs.2020036
    [13] 柳伟荣, 倪华峰, 王学枫, 石仲元, 谭学斌, 王清臣.  长庆油田陇东地区页岩油超长水平段水平井钻井技术, 石油钻探技术. doi: 10.11911/syztjs.2020029
    [14] 路宗羽, 赵飞, 雷鸣, 邹灵战, 石建刚, 卓鲁斌.  新疆玛湖油田砂砾岩致密油水平井钻井关键技术, 石油钻探技术. doi: 10.11911/syztjs.2019029
    [15] 王敏生, 光新军, 耿黎东.  页岩油高效开发钻井完井关键技术及发展方向, 石油钻探技术. doi: 10.11911/syztjs.2019076
    [16] 陈安明, 龙志平, 周玉仓, 王彦祺, 彭兴, 曹华庆.  四川盆地外缘常压页岩气水平井低成本钻井技术探讨, 石油钻探技术. doi: 10.11911/syztjs.2018127
    [17] 杨海平.  涪陵平桥与江东区块页岩气水平井优快钻井技术, 石油钻探技术. doi: 10.11911/syztjs.2018071
    [18] 乐守群, 王进杰, 苏前荣, 常合磊, 陈林.  涪陵页岩气田水平井井身结构优化设计, 石油钻探技术. doi: 10.11911/syztjs.201701003
    [19] 周贤海.  涪陵焦石坝区块页岩气水平井钻井完井技术, 石油钻探技术. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-0890.2013.05.005
    [20] 闫联国, 周玉仓.  彭页HF-1页岩气井水平段固井技术, 石油钻探技术. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-0890.2012.04.010
  • 加载中
图(4) / 表ll (5)
计量
  • 文章访问数:  152
  • HTML全文浏览量:  88
  • PDF下载量:  82
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-04-16
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-06-29
  • 刊出日期:  2021-08-25

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回